Essay

[Essay] #1: Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

Đây là bài thu học hằng tháng của mình trong chủ đề học tiếng anh. Bài học cũng được tham khảo từ nhiều nguồn. Những lập luận mang tính cá nhân, không vì bất cứ mục đích gì.

            There are two hard problems common in the world are the growing traffic and pollution problem. Although there were various solutions to be considered and implemented, the problems did not solve radically. Increasing the price of petrol is a solution raised to solve these problems, however, I doubt that It isn’t the best way to solve the above issues.

            Who/Which industry be impacted by increasing the price of petrol? All in all, gas and oil play a fundamental role in the industry, numerous heavy machinery used in different industries are operated by petrol. I think the manufacturing sector will be far-reaching by increasing the price of petrol. As you know, petrol is the input important source of the production process. When the input cost increase, that leads to the production expence increase. That’s synonymous (/sɪˈnɑː.nə.məs/- đồng nghĩa) with go-up the price of the product. As a result, customers have to cut expenses to the bone/need to exercise restrain on spending. That leads to the GDP reduction, constraining the development of a nation, creating detrimental (/ˌdet.rəˈmen.t̬əl/-bất lợi) effects on the economy.

            On the other hand, if more sustainable (/səˈsteɪ.nə.bəl/-bền vững) like solar power, wind power, hydropower are utilied (/ˈjuː.t̬əl.aɪz/-sử dụng một cái gì đó hiệu quả) to run vehicles and factories, there will be less emission (/iˈmɪʃ.ən/-khí thải) of harmful gases like carbon monoxide (CO) and chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)* which contributes increasing air pollution considerably (/kənˈsɪd.ɚ.ə.bli/-đáng kể). In addition, using solar power to run public vehicles would result in the cheap fare. This will encourage people to travel through eco-friendly cheap trams, trains and buses.

            To conclude, increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to resolve the growing traffic congestions and pollutions. Thus, an effective way to control the aforementioned (/əˈfɔːrˌmen.ʃənd/- như đã nói ở trên) issues would be to use other renewable (/rɪˈnuː.ə.bəl/-tái tạo) sources of energy in the public transport system which can significantly (/sɪɡˈnɪf.ə.kənt.li/-đáng kể) bring down traffic and pollution problems.

* Chlorofluorocarbon, thường được gọi theo tên viết tắt là CFC, là một nhóm hợp chất hữu cơ halogen hóa đầy đủ; chỉ chứa cacbon, clo và flo; được sản xuất như là một dẫn xuất dễ bay hơi của khí methan, etan và propan. Do CFC góp phần vào sự suy giảm ôzôn trong tầng thượng khí quyển nên sản xuất các hợp chất như vậy đã được loại bỏ theo Nghị định thư Montreal, và nó đang được thay thế bằng các sản phẩm khác như các hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), ví dụ như R-410A và R-134a. (Wikipedia)

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